What the issue is

An often overlooked accessibility issue is when the page title fails to update after a dynamic content change. This occurs primarily in single-page applications (SPAs) or in any web page where content updates dynamically without a full page reload. When users navigate through different content sections or complete actions that significantly change the page context (such as submitting a form), if the page title does not reflect these changes, it can cause confusion and disorientation, particularly for users depending on assistive technologies.

What the issue is

An issue occurs when different pages within the same website have identical titles. This can confuse users, particularly those using screen readers, as they may not be able to distinguish between pages based on their titles alone. This situation leads to difficulties in navigating the website and prevents users from using page titles to understand the context of the pages they are visiting, or understand the purpose of the page they have bookmarked.

What the issue is

A common accessibility issue arises when web pages do not have adequately descriptive titles or when multiple pages in a website have the same or similar titles. This makes it difficult for users, especially those using screen readers, to understand the content or purpose of the page without reading through a significant portion of the content. It complicates navigation and orientation within the site for users relying on assistive technologies.

What the issue is

While the lang attribute is used in HTML to indicate the language of the page or parts thereof, XML-based documents, such as SVG or XHTML, should use the xml:lang attribute for this purpose. When xml:lang is missing, incorrect, or inconsistent with the HTML lang attribute in XHTML documents, it can lead to confusion for assistive technologies, affecting the document's accessibility.

What the issue is

Scripted or AJAX-loaded content often fails to include appropriate lang attributes when inserting text or other content into the document dynamically, particularly content in a different language than the main page or application. This failure can impact user understanding due to incorrect language processing by assistive technologies.

What the issue is

Web pages that dynamically update content without refreshing the entire page may fail to adjust the lang attribute to match the new content's language. This scenario can occur in single-page applications, AJAX content updates, or any dynamic content change that involves a language switch not reflected in the document's language settings.

What the issue is

Content that includes words or phrases that require specific phonetic pronunciation or pronunciation guidance without proper annotation can create barriers for users, including those using text-to-speech (TTS) technologies. This may include scientific terms, foreign language words, names, or any content where the pronunciation is not clear from the spelling.

What the issue is

Content that uses language at a level of complexity not suitable for its intended audience can hinder understanding, particularly for users with cognitive disabilities, learning difficulties, or limited proficiency in the language of the content. It also impact situational accessibility where users are busy or have limited capacity to attend to displayed text.

What the issue is

Audio and video content on web pages without corresponding sign language translations pose a significant barrier to accessibility for users who are deaf or hard of hearing and rely on sign language. This includes not providing an equivalent sign language video that communicates the same information as the audio or spoken content.

What the issue is

Words that have multiple pronunciations based on their meaning or context can be difficult to understand for users relying on text-to-speech (TTS) technologies. Without clear pronunciation instructions using the ARIA attributes or similar techniques, TTS technologies might mispronounce words, leading to confusion or misunderstanding of the content.