* - Lang - Lack of Pronunciation Instructions for Ambiguous Words

What the issue is

Words that have multiple pronunciations based on their meaning or context can be difficult to understand for users relying on text-to-speech (TTS) technologies. Without clear pronunciation instructions using the ARIA attributes or similar techniques, TTS technologies might mispronounce words, leading to confusion or misunderstanding of the content.

Why this is important

Proper pronunciation is key to understanding and accessibility, especially for content consumed through assistive technologies such as screen readers. Mispronunciation can obscure the intended meaning, making content less accessible and harder to comprehend for users with disabilities, including those with visual impairments or dyslexia.

Who it affects

This issue primarily affects:

  1. Users relying on text-to-speech technologies.
  2. People with cognitive disabilities who may struggle with ambiguous word meanings.
  3. Non-native speakers who might not recognize incorrect pronunciations based on context.

How to remediate the issue

  1. Identify words within your content that are prone to mispronunciation and have significant meaning changes based on their pronunciation.
  2. Use ARIA attributes such as aria-label or custom techniques to provide pronunciation cues to assistive technologies.
  3. Consider providing a glossary or explanation section for words that are commonly mispronounced or have multiple meanings, including pronunciation guides where possible.
  4. Regularly test content with various text-to-speech technologies to identify potential pronunciation issues.

Additional guidance on improving comprehension through proper pronunciation can be found at W3C Pronunciation Gap Analysis.